Quick Answer: What Are The 6 Killer Diseases?

What are the six killer diseases of a child?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis..

What are the 8 killer diseases?

The most common and serious vaccine-preventable diseases tracked by the World Health Organization (WHO) are: diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection, hepatitis B, measles, meningitis, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella, tetanus, tuberculosis, and yellow fever.

What Viruses do not have a vaccine?

Vaccine Nation: 10 most important diseases without a licensed vaccineChagas disease (American trypanosomiasis)Chikungunya.Dengue.Cytomegalovirus.HIV/AIDS.Hookworm infection.Leishmaniasis.Malaria.More items…•

Is there a vaccine for smallpox?

The smallpox vaccine is the only way to prevent smallpox. The vaccine is made from a virus called vaccinia, which is another pox-type virus related to smallpox. The vaccine helps the body develop immunity to smallpox. It was successfully used to eradicate smallpox from the human population.

What are the 14 serious childhood diseases?

Vaccination protects against these 14 diseases, which used to be prevalent in the United States.#1. Polio. Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease that is caused by poliovirus. … #2. Tetanus. … #3. The Flu (Influenza) … #4. Hepatitis B. … #5. Hepatitis A. … #6. Rubella. … #7. Hib. … #8. Measles.More items…

What are killer diseases?

A handful of deadly infectious diseases, especially in low-income countries, claim millions of lives worldwide each year: lower respiratory tract infections, diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. Together, they account for more than one in eight deaths globally.

What diseases have been cured?

Eradicated diseasesSmallpox.Rinderpest.Poliomyelitis (polio)Dracunculiasis.Yaws.Malaria.Hookworm.Lymphatic filariasis.More items…

Does smallpox still exist?

Currently, there is no evidence of naturally occurring smallpox transmission anywhere in the world. Although a worldwide immunization program eradicated smallpox disease decades ago, small quantities of smallpox virus officially still exist in two research laboratories in Atlanta, Georgia, and in Russia.

How long do vaccines last?

Duration of protection by vaccineDiseaseEstimated duration of protection from vaccine after receipt of all recommended doses 1,2MeaslesLife-long in >96% vaccinesMumps>10 years in 90%, waning slowly over timeRubellaMost vaccinees (>90%) protected >15-20 yearsPneumococcal>4-5 years so far for conjugate vaccines8 more rows

What are Immunisable diseases?

Immunisable diseases in government facilitiesDiphtheria. It mainly affects the throat, and is spread by droplets from the nose or mouth. … Measles. It is highly infectious, has an incubation period of 10 days. … Polio. … Tetanus. … Whooping coughIt is transmitted by droplets from the nose or mouth. … Side effects.

What is the most rare disease in the world?

The first of the rarest disease in world is Hutchinson-Gilford progeria, which is usually known simply as progeria. Progeria is a genetic condition that occurs as a new mutation which is characterized by the dramatic appearance, quick aging in childhood.

What are some old diseases?

10 dreaded diseases back from the brinkSyphilis. Syphilis used to be a lot less prevalent, but this sexually-transmitted infection (caused by Treponema pallidum) has been on the rise in the 21st century. … Measles. We once thought that measles had been defeated in the United States. … Plague. … Scarlet fever. … Mumps. … Gonorrhea. … Chlamydia. … Whooping cough.More items…•

Is there a vaccine for h1n1?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of one dose of vaccine against 2009 H1N1 influenza virus for persons 10 years of age and older. For children who are 6 months through 9 years of age, two doses of the vaccine are recommended. These two doses should be separated by 4 weeks.

What are the five killer diseases?

This paper highlights five killer diseases-diarrhoea, measles, whooping cough, tetanus and fever. Diar- rhoea is the single leading cause of death among children in the Third World (191.

What virus do we have vaccines for?

We have children’s vaccines against measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, chickenpox, polio, hepatitis A and B, rotavirus, pneumococcus, haemophilus influenzae and meningococcal disease.